1. ► The tree ranges between 80 to 150 feet in … Yellowish-green flowers develop in late spring and are not particularly showy. Liquidambar styracifluaL., sweetgum, is native to southeastern, east-central, and south-central United States, southern Mexico, and central America. The trees are tapped for liquidambar balm, though a more fragrant gum is collected from the Oriental, or Turkish, sweet gum (L. orientalis). It is called "sweet-gum" for the tasty, thick sap harvested from under the bark and used for everything from poultices to chewing gum. The distinctive seed pods are one way to easily identify a sweet gum tree. Sweet gums are large trees that bear alternate, sharply (three- to seven-lobed) palmate leaves. Eucalyptus is a popular evergreen tree that’s widely used for its medicinal properties. 2. Sweetgum, a very ornamental tree The sweetgum tree is reputed for its nice star-shaped leaves and the flamboyant yellow, orange and red hues it displays in fall. In some cases, at the peak of the fall foliage season, certain leaves may be red, others purple, others yellow, and still others orange (all on the same plant). ► It thrives well in both acidic soil and alkaline soil, and ponds and streams are its predominant areas. Despite its name the gum is not sweet. Most of the small, black seeds contained within the gumballs do not germinate, but are eaten by squirrels and birds. Fact Sheet ST-358 November 1993 Liquidambar styraciflua Figure 1. The sweetgum is a fast-growing tree that develops a significant taproot that tolerate high moisture levels in soil. Updates? Black gum can be a slow grower but does best on moist, acid soils. The fruits are spiny dark brown balls known as an aggregate of capsules. The sweet gum grows in a long list of states, thinning to a more patchy distribution as it spreads southward into Mexico and Central America. In comparison the mildly bitter Sweet Gum is definitely sweeter. The timber of the sweet gum is valued for its close grain and red tinge, and is used for veneer and furniture. Sweet Gum Tree is the name given to the solo work of Loire-Valley based multi-instrumentalist and singer-songwriter Arno Sojo. Sweet gum leaves are glossy and dark green in the summer. Here is some detailed information on the sweetgum tree. Stems often have corky and attractive wings during the second year. Sweet gum, (genus Liquidambar), sometimes spelled sweetgum, genus of 15 species of deciduous trees, the only genus of the family Altingiaceae. To thoroughly dry the wood and season it properly, it can take at least six months to two years. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Trees may live to 400 years. Liquidambar styraciflua is a medium-sized to large tree, growing anywhere from 50–70 feet (15–21 m) in cultivation and up to 150 feet (46 m) in the wild, with a trunk up 2–3 feet (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, on average. 2 Hardwood Lumber – Sweetgum Steam Bending The wood is rated intermediate as an acceptable wood for bending when steamed. This tree: Features star-shaped leaves with 5 lobes (occasionally 7) that are lustrous medium green in color, toothed along the margins and 4–7½" in length. The trunk of a mature gum tree may be five feet in diameter. Its glossy, dark green, star shaped leaves take on an un… It is also valued for its heartwood, called red gum or satin walnut, which is used for quality furniture. Sweetgum (Liquidambar) is a genus of four species of flowering plants in the family Altingiaceae, though formerly often treated in the Hamamelidaceae. Before deciding to plant a sweet gum tree in your yard, remember that many people consider the multitude of gumballs to be a nuisance to keep cleaned up. The … ► In scientific nomenclature, the sweet gum tree is called Liquidambar styraciflua. The American sweet gum tree, Liquidambar styraciflua, grows in eastern woodlands from southern Connecticut to northern Illinois to Texas to central Florida. The leaves are star-shaped, with five or seven pointed lobes and finely serrated edges. Sweetgum Tree, Facts on Sweetgum Trees. The star-shaped, glossy green leaves have a pleasant smell if crushed. May 10, 2017 - Explore Linda Durtschi's board "Sweet Gum tree ball crafts" on Pinterest. Older trees can be recognized by rounded or oval crowns. Sweet gum wood is the second most utilized commercial wood in the United States, after oak. The American sweetgum is a bottomland species commonly growing 75 feet in height with a more or less pyramidal form. The fine hardwood is used to make flooring, furniture and veneers, cabinetry and paneling. The bark is furrowed, rough and scaly, hence the nickname alligator wood. Mature leaves are 4 to 7 inches (10 to 18 cm.) This article reviews 7 impressive benefits of eucalyptus leaves. Fern Fischer's print and online work has appeared in publications such as Midwest Gardening, Dolls, Workbasket, Quilts for Today and Cooking Fresh. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/sweet-gum, University of Kentucky - Department of Horticulture - Sweetgum, How Stuff Works - Home and Garden - Sweet Gum Tree. Drying The sapwood of … The tree is a symmetrical shape and crowns into an egg shape when the branches get too heavy after its first two years of cultivation. Facts on the Sweet Gum Tree Sweet Gum Description. Liquidambar styraciflua, commonly called the American sweetgum, sweet-gum, alligator-wood, American-storax, bilsted, red-gum, satin-walnut, or star-leaved gum, is a deciduous tree native to warm temperate areas of eastern North America. Sweet gum leaves are glossy and dark green in the summer. Description of sweet gum tree: The sweet gum has a pyramidal habit when young, eventually becoming rounded and tall -- up to more than 100 feet. This name was derived from the tree’s innate property of secreting a resin-like substance. Slender Silhouette is a beanpole of a plant, growing 50 feet tall or higher, with a spread of 5 feet at the base. It is used for its lumber, and is one of the most common sources of hardwood and plywood, but also produces spectacular colors as it drops its leaves in the fall. Liquidambar, commonly called sweetgum (star gum in the UK), gum, redgum, satin-walnut, or American storax, is the only genus in the flowering plant family Altingiaceae and has 15 species. Sweet gum trees are native to the eastern U.S., but grow well throughout U.S. Sweet gum seed pods, sometimes called gumballs, are spiny orbs produced from the clusters of small flowers that appear in spring. wide. Sweet gum seed pods, sometimes called gumballs, are spiny orbs produced from the clusters of small flowers that appear in spring. The fruits are spiny dark brown balls known as an aggregate of capsules. The Trunk If your sweet gum is too tall to spray, or if you don't want to attempt spraying a small tree, you can stop fruit … Each capsule contains several small seeds, and the fruits often persist through the winter. American sweetgum has dark grey bark covered with scaly ridges. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Illinois State Museum: Trees: Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), The Assateague Naturalist: Sweetgum Tree (Liquidambar styraciflua). Summary of Sweetgum facts Name – Liquidambar styraciflua It maintains a remarkable degree of uniformity as it grows upward with the top of the column about the same width as the base. The American sweetgum tree reaches 60 to 70 feet at full maturity, with a 45-foot spread. Sweetgum is one of the most common hardwoods in the eastern United States. Young Sweetgum. Corrections? The distinctive sticky … Still, its persistence in cultivation can make for one of the most beautiful fall red leaf colors. On some trees, the branches are \"winged,\" as on winged euonymus (burning bush… It is also used for paper and pulp products. Its rotted-out trunks are most often used for bee hives rather than firewood. Several species are grown as ornamental trees for their showy fall foliage. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Trunk can reach around 3 feet in diameter. It grows in an oval, somewhat pyramidal shape. Sweet gum tree leaves have five to seven pointed lobes, and their shape will remind you of a star. Sweet gum wood is the second most utilized commercial wood in the United States, after oak. With a broader focus on organic gardening, health, rural lifestyle, home and family articles, she specializes in topics involving antique and modern quilting, sewing and needlework techniques. Other common names include gum trees, redgum, satin-walnut, star-leaved gum, alligator-wood, hazel pine, and American storax. Omissions? Sweet gum trees may reach heights from 80 to 150 feet, and they may spread to 45 feet wide. See more ideas about sweet gum, sweet gum tree crafts, crafts. sweet gum. The American sweet gum tree, Liquidambar styraciflua, grows in eastern woodlands from southern Connecticut to northern Illinois to Texas to central Florida. The only edible part of the tree is the dried sap which makes a fragrant, bitter chewing gum. The taxonomy of the group has been contentious; some species have been ascribed to the genus Altingia, and the group was formerly placed in the family Hamamelidaceae. Facts Sweet-gum is a handsome native tree that reaches the northern edge of its range in New England. Each capsule contains several … Dr. Francois Couplan in his book The Encyclopedia of Edible Plants of Nort… Sweetgum, Confederate Native Becoming Yankee Favorite. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Best offers for your garden - http://s.click.aliexpress.com/e/1Wy5buU ----- Sweet Gum Tree Facts. Gum is used for basketry, barrels and items such as wooden bowls and boxes. Interpreting Wetland Status. Purchase a proven cultivar for the best results including 'Sheffield Park', 'Autumn Cascade' and 'Bernheim Select'. The fine hardwood is used to make flooring, furniture and veneers, cabinetry and paneling. The bark is grayish brown and deeply furrowed. Along the rivers of the south-eastern United States, Sweet gums exceed 125 ft. in height and 4 ft. in diameter. Sweet gum trees (Liquidambar styraciflua) are a common sight in the eastern United States and in several Central American and southern Mexican regions. The brilliant fall colors and large, spreading size make sweet gum a sought-after species of shade tree for landscaping. They were formerly often treated in Hamamelidaceae.They are decorative deciduous trees that are used in the wood … The American sweet gum tree was so named because of the amber-colored, resinous sweet sap that was scraped from the inside of the bark to produce a chewing gum-like substance. Wetland Status. The foliage ranges from yellow, golden, deep orange, fiery red to deep purple; sweet gum is one of the last species to drop its leaves in the fall. A resin called storax is extracted from the trunk of the sweet gum and is used in incense and perfume. Cultural Requirements for Sweet Gums. American sweetgum can reach 80 feet in height at maturity, with a spread of about 60 feet. The downside to growing a sweetgum tree is the seed pods. Sweet gum trees may reach heights from 80 to 150 feet, and they may spread to 45 feet wide. American sweetgums (Liquidambar styraciflua) are part of the Witch Hazel family. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States.It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Leaves commonly measure 7 inches across. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sweet gums are native to North America and Asia and are valued as a source of resin and timber. The plants produce upright spikes of greenish male flowers and round drooping clusters of female flowers on the same tree. NOW 50% OFF! Interesting American sweetgum Facts: American sweetgum can reach 60 to 100 feet in height. Native Americans and pioneers also used the sap for a number of medicinal purposes. Sweet gums are large trees that bear alternate, sharply (three- to seven-lobed) palmate leaves. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). references. Sweet gum, a tree of the Witch hazel family (Hamamelidaceae), native of the eastern United States, also Mexico and Central America. Matthew Barlow, nursery manager at EarthworksJax shares the history and continuing legacy through suckering of a Sweet Gum tree … Yields long-stemmed, woody, burr-like fruit that is approximately 1½" in … Interesting Facts About Gums . Identification. The deeply cut grey or brownish-grey bark forms winged projections on … Their fall color lasts much longer than most other trees. American sweet gum is also known as redgum, gumtree, star-leaved gum and alligator wood. 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sweet gum tree facts

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