Mutual consent should continue till the divorce decree is passed. बाबासाहेब आंबेडकर संबंधित लेखांची सूची; स� Offences and penalties. 13(1A)(ii) of the Hindu Marriage Act allows either party to a marriage to present a petition for the dissolution of the marriage by a decree of divorce on the ground that there has been no restitution of conjugal rights as between the parties to the marriage for the period specified in the provision after the passing of the decree for restitution of conjugal rights. डॉ. Explanation. the husband and the wife have agreed not to live with each other, they can file a petition in the family court of the district for the same. However, as noticed above, under the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006, if you solemnize marriage when you have not completed the requisite age, it is called a child marriage. It is, therefore, prayed that a decree for Divorce Under section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 thereby dissolving their marriage of the petitioner and the respondent on the grounds of cruelty and desertion may kindly be passed in favour of the petitioner and against the respondent along with costs of the petition. Section 13 of the hindu marriage act 1955 provides for the grounds for the divorce. (1) Any marriage solemnized, whether before or after the commencement of the Act, may, on a petition presented by either the husband or the wife, be dissolved by a decree of divorce on the ground that the other party-. In the matter of the Family Courts Act, 1954; And. Inter-religion marriages are performed under this Act. Adultery. Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Jains, Sikhs, Christians, Parsis, or Jews can also perform marriage under the Special Marriage Act, 1954. As per 13B for the act - Divorce by mutual consent, (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act a petition for dissolution of marriage by a decree of divorce may be presented to the district court by both the parties to a marriage together, whether such marriage was solemnised before or after the commencement of the Marriage Laws … Relief available to husband and wife on respondent’s ceasing to be a Hindu by conversion to another religion: Judicial separation or Divorce: Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956 Section 18(2)(f) 4. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows:— PRELIMINARY 1. 2. Your email address will not be published. The respondent-husband petitioned for divorce under Section 13 (1) (ia) and (ib) of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (for short, `the Act’) on the ground of cruelty and desertion against the wife. Six Months Waiting Period In Section 13B(2) Of Hindu Marriage Act For Divorce By Mutual Consent Not Mandatory:SC [Read Judgment] It actually means when a party to the marriage permanently leaves the other party without any valid reason and without the consent of another party. Section 13 in The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. An act to amend and codify the law relating to marriage among Hindus. It states as follows:-“Not withstanding that a marriage is null and void under Sec. In August 2009, she had filed a divorce petition under Section 13 (1) (ia) of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 which was allowed by the Additional District Judge and thus their marriage was dissolved. This project will analyse these sections and also deal with the various amendments incorporated in these sections. MOST RESPECTFULLY … In any proceedings under this Act, on a petition for dissolution of marriage by a decree of divorce, except in so far as the petition is founded on the grounds mentioned in clauses (ii), (vi) and (vii) of subsection (1) of section 13, the Court may, if it considers it just so to do having regard to the circumstances of the case, pass instead a decree of judicial separation. Grounds of Divorce as per The Hindu Marriage Act Adultery 17 [ (iii) has been incurably of unsound mind, or has been suffering continuously or intermittently from mental disorder of such a kind and to such an extent that the petitioner cannot reasonably be expected to live with the respondent. Among these grounds, desertion is also an important ground which is given in Section 13(1) (iii). The grounds of divorce under the Hindu Marriage Act had been stated under Section 13 of the said act. Mutual Consent Divorce is a simple way of coming out of the marriage and dissolve it … 5. Rather, it merely lays down conditions of a valid Hindu marriage. [ Hindu Marriage Act Sec. Statement is recorded by the Court. It has no reference to the place of living. Hindu Marriage Act . (2) A wife may also present a petition for the dissolution of her marriage by a decree of divorce on the ground-. The Court was dealing with an appeal preferred by the Appellant-wife against an order of the Family Court allowing the Respondent-husband's petition for grant of divorce under Section 13(1)(ia) of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (HMA). Rules Regulations Notifications Orders Circulars (Statutory) Ordinance Statutes . 8. Due to the ancient literature of Hindus - The Manu; the wife cannot be abandoned, released by sale nor any martial ties can be severed. Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, Section 13(1)(i) describe Adultery as a ground of divorce but does not describe what is Adultery? Grounds for divorce under the Hindu Marriage Act. Short title and extent. Section 13 B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and Section 28 of the Special Marriage Act, 1954 deals with the provision of divorce on grounds of mutual consent. Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 has introduced a revolutionary amendment to the shastric Hindu law. Commencement: 1 September, 1961. (ii) The period of living separately for one year must be immediately preceding the presentation of petition. Divorce by mutual consent in India. Ancient Hindu law did not prescribe any such age for marriage. Die Änderungen im Hindu Succession Act von 2005 stellen Frauen im Erbrecht gleich, auch in Bezug auf landwirtschaftlichen Besitz. In: Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. (iv) that her marriage (whether consummated or not) was solemnized before she attained the age of fifteen years and she has repudiated the marriage after attaining that age but before attaining the age of eighteen years. The Provisions of Section 13 shall be discussed in upcoming articles, Section 13: Divorce: (1) Any marriage solemnised, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, may, on a petition presented by either the husband or the wife, be dissolved by a decree of divorce on the ground that the other party, (i) has, after the solemnisation of the marriage, had voluntary sexual intercourse with any person other than his or her spouse; or, (ia) has, after the solemnisation of the marriage, treated the petitioner with cruelty; or, (ib) has deserted the petitioner for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the petition; or, (ii) has ceased to be a Hindu by conversion to another religion; or. Sections; Schedule; Annexure; Appendix; Forms; Act Detail; Act ID: 195525 : Act Number: 25: Enactment Date: 1955-05-18: Act Year: 1955: Short Title: The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955: Long Title: An Act to amend and codify the law relating to marriage among Hindus. figures “section 13”, at both the places where they occur, the words, figures and letter “or section 13C” shall be inserted. Learn about the most important Hindu Marriage Act section 9. Bigamy, etc. (See Section 5.) Cruelty under Section 13(1)(ia) of the Hindu Marriage Act talks about the behaviour of one spouse towards the other which results in a reasonable apprehension in the mind of the latter that it is not safe for him or her to continue to stay in the matrimonial relationship anymore with the other. Indian Legal System > Civil Laws > Family Laws > The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 > Divorce (Section 13) Provisions. If the court is held to have the power to make a decree solely based on the initial petition, it negates the whole idea of mutuality. Sec. Dear Client, Till the final order of the RCR filed by you agains her under section 9 of HMA the court will not grant maintainance for her. Under Section 13, Hindu Marriage Act,1955, There are available much grounds of divorce on which both husband and wife can file a divorce petition. 9. CHAPTER 250. UNDER SECTION 13(1)(B) OF HINDU MARRIAGE ACT 1955 . Für Muslime, Christen und Parsen gibt es eigene Gesetze. Short title and extent.—(1) This Act may be called the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. "The said provision does not define cruelty. The Principal Judge, Family Court No. All rights reserved. Explanation.- This clause applies whether the marriage was solemnized before or after the commencement of the Marriage Law (Amendment) Act, 1976. Thus these grounds are lawfully valid grounds for divorce and if such circumstances arise, then, unfortunately, divorce is bound to take place. (vii) has not been heard of as being alive for a period of seven years or more by those persons who would naturally have heard of it, had that party been alive. Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 - Divorce and Grounds of Divorce. Hindus did not consider marriage as a contract but as a tie which once tied cannot be untied. Also Download Hindu Marriage Act 1955 text book pdf. There can be unilateral withdrawal of consent. Along with this if the spouse is having an untreatable illness then the other spouse can file a plea for Divorce under section 13(1)(v). THE HUMBLE PETITION OF. Held, that since consent of the wife was obtained by fraud and wife was not willing to consent, there could be unilateral withdrawal, of consent; Sureshta Devi v. Om Prakash, AIR 1992 SC 1904. 7. has proposed the amendment in The Hindu marriage Act 1955 in section 13-B for Divorce by Mutual Consent.earlier the law was that after competition of one year of marriage if couple wants to break their marriage by way of mutual consent then they have to wait upto six months. Subsequently, Court calls parties again after six months to get their statement recorded. 13 Divorce. This was a complex reform measure with a multiple agenda, focused not only on providing extra grounds for divorce among Hindus but also an attempt to harmonize laws like the Special Marriage Act and Hindu Marriage Act. Under Hindu law, divorce has been recognized. The Provisions of Section 13 shall be discussed in upcoming articles. (vii) has not been heard of as being alive for a period of seven years or more by those persons who would naturally have heard of it, had that party been alive; In this sub-section, the expression “desertion” means the desertion of the petitioner by the other party to the marriage without reasonable cause and without the consent or against the wish of such party, and includes the wilful neglect of the petitioner by the other party to the marriage, and its grammatical variations and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly. (1) Any marriage solemnized, whether before or after the commencement of the Act, may, on a petition presented by either the husband or the wife, be dissolved by a decree of divorce on the ground that the other party-, (i) has, after the solemnization of the marriage had voluntary sexual intercourse with any person other than his or her spouse; or, (ia) has, after the solemnization of the marriage, treated the petitioner with cruelty; or, (ib) has deserted the petitioner for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the petition; or, (ii) has ceased to be a Hindu by conversion to another religion; or. (ii) that there has been no restitution of conjugal rights as between the parties to the marriage for a period of one year or upward after the passing of a decree of restitution of conjugal rights in a proceeding to which they were parties. (iii) has been incurably of unsound mind, or has been suffering continuously or intermittently from mental disorder of such kind and to such an extent that the petitioner cannot reasonably be expected to live with the respondent. The cruelty may be mental or physical, intentional or unintentional. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act a petition for dissolution of marriage by a decree of divorce may be presented to the District Court by both the parties to a marriage together, whether such marriage was solemnized before or after the commencement of the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Act, 1976, on the ground that they have been living separately for a period of one year or more, that they have not been able to live together and that they have mutually agreed that the marriage should be dissolved. THE HINDU MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE ACT. In Mutual consent Divorce, a joint Divorce petition is filed in the District Court containing all terms and conditions regarding settlement between Husband and wife. (2) On the motion of both the parties made earlier than six months after the date of the presentation of the petition referred to in sub-section (1) and not later than eighteen months after the said date, if the petition is not withdrawn in the mean time, the Court shall, on being satisfied, after hearing the parties and after making such inquiry as it thinks fit, that a marriage has been solemnized and that the averments in the petition are true, pass a decree of divorce declaring the marriage to be dissolved with effect from the date of the decree, Your email address will not be published. Check out this video to know about Mutual Consent Divorce Proceedings. 3 THE HINDU MARRIAGE ACT, 1955 A CT N O. (13) A new shape new been given to Sec. Tag: section 13-B of Hindu Marriage Act. It is a question of fact and degree. The appellant filed an appeal against the decree in the High Court. 25 OF 1955 1* [18th May, 1955.] Share the post "Section 2 of Hindu Marriage Act" Facebook; LinkedIn; Pinterest; Twitter; Email; hindu marriage act. on Divorce – Section 13 Hindu Marriage Act 1955, Bar Council of India Approved Law Colleges, Restitution of conjugal rights – Section 9 Hindu Marriage Act, Divorce – Section 13 Hindu Marriage Act 1955, Difference Between Tort and Breach Of Contract : Tort vs Breach Of Contract, Difference Between Crime and Tort : Crime vs Tort. The expression ‘living separately’ connotes not living like husband and wife. Interpretation. This Act is applicable to the entire territory of India and extends to intending … Similarly, the provisions for maintenance of wife under Section 18 of the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956. Format of Divorce Petition under Section 13B of Hindu Marriage Act 1955 to get divorce. Section 13: Divorce (1) Any marriage solemnized, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, may, on a petition presented by either the husband or the wife, be dissolved by a decree of divorce on the ground that the other party— Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act 1955 deals with the various grounds of divorce. (iv) that her marriage (whether consummated or not) was solemnised before she attained the age of fifteen years and she has repudiated the marriage after attaining that age but before attaining the age of eighteen years. – In this sub-section, the expression “desertion” means the desertion of the petitioner by the other party to the marriage without reasonable cause and without the consent of or against the wish of such party, and includes the willful neglect of the petitioner by the other party to the marriage, and its grammatical variations and cognate expression shall be construed accordingly. THE HINDU MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE ACT. Sikhs, Buddhisten und Jainas, als Anhänger von aus dem Hinduismus hervorgegangenen Glaubensrichtungen, werden ebenfalls vom Hindu Marriage Act erfasst. (iii) The period of six to eighteen months time is given in divorce by mutual consent as to give time and opportunity to the parties to reflect on their move and seek advice from relations and friends. DRAFT FORMAT OF THE MUTUAL DIVORCE PETITION BEFORE THE PRINCIPAL JUDGE, FAMILY COURT AT _____ HMA PETITION No._____ OF___ 20__ IN THE MATTER OF: (Name and address of the Husband) : Petitioner No.1 (AND) (Name and address of the wife) : Petitioner No.2 PETITION UNDER SECTION 13 (1) (i-b) OF THE HINDU MARRIAGE ACT FOR DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE … TO, THE HON''BLE PRINCIPAL JUDGE. These are Bare Act Provisions of Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Section 13 Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Section 497 describes Adultery as under: Section 497. Section 13(2) provides the grounds on which only the wife can approach the court of law and seek the remedy of divorce. Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 Section 10(i) and 13(1)(ii) Both spouse entitled. The court should be satisfied about the bona fides and consent of the parties. Section 13 and 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 made provisions for dissolution of marriage. Alternate Relief in Divorce Proceedings: If any proceeding under thisAct, on a petition for dissolution of marriage by a decree of divorce, except in so far as the petition is founded on the grounds mentioned in clauses (ii), (vi) and (vii) of sub-section (1) of Section 13, the court may, if it considers it just so to do having regard to the circumstances of the case, pass instead a decree for judicial separation. If there is no consent at the time of enquiry the court gets no jurisdiction to make a decree for divorce. In this transitional period the parties or either of them may have second thoughts; Suman v. Surendra Kumar, AIR 2003 Raj 155. Required fields are marked *, on Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Section 13 B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and Section 28 of the Special Marriage Act, 1954 deals with the provision of divorce on grounds of mutual consent. Click Above How does cruelty work in India? Copyright © 2020 Fundamental-Rights-Human-Rights.com. Under Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, the parties can seek divorce by mutual consent by filing a petition before the court. Hindu marriage act 1955 section 13 bare act. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. (a) the expression “mental disorder” means mental illness, arrested or incomplete development of mind, psychopathic disorder or any disorder or disability of mind and includes schizophrenia ; (b) the expression “psychopathic disorder” means a persistent disorder or disability of mind (whether or not included sub-normality of intelligence) which results in abornormally aggressive or seriously irresponsible conduct on the part of the other party, and whether or not it requires or is susceptible to medical treatment; or, (iv) has been suffering from a virulent and incurable form of leprosy; or, (v) has been suffering from venereal disease in a communicable form; or, (vi) has renounced the world by entering any religious order; or. 5. The parties were married on May 8, 1995. The Marriage Laws (Amendment) Act 1976 has inserted two additional fault grounds of divorce for wife and a new Section 13-B under which, divorce by mutual consent has been made available as a matrimonial relief. Mutual consent means that both the parties agree for peaceful separation. THE PETITIONER ABOVENAMED. The respondent-husband petitioned for divorce under Section 13 (1) (ia) and (ib) of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (for short, `the Act’) on the ground of cruelty and desertion against the wife. Section 13(1)(1a)(1b) of the Hindu Marriage Act for dissolution of the marriage. 25 OF 1955 1 [18th May, 1955.] Divorce by Mutual Consent and waiving of six month Period:The Govt. Ceremonies for marriages. 25 OF 1955 1 [18th May, 1955.] Section 13 hindu marriage act. If it is physical, the court will have no problem to determine it. (a) the expression “mental disorder” means mental illness, arrested or incomplete development of mind, psychopathic disorder or any other disorder or disability of mind and includes schizophrenia; (b) the expression “psychopathic disorder” means a persistent disorder or disability of mind (whether or not including sub-normality of intelligence) which results in abnormally aggressive or seriously irresponsible conduct on the part of the other party, and whether or not it requires or is susceptible to medical treatment; or, (iv) has been suffering from a virulent and incurable form of leprosy; or, (v) been suffering from venereal disease in a communicable form; or, (vi) has renounced the world by entering any religious order; or. हा लेख भाषांतरास खुला ... Hindu Succession Act (1956) हे सुद्धा पहा. The parties may live under the same roof and yet they may not be living as husband and wife. Three other important acts were also enacted as part of the Hindu Code Bills during this time: the Hindu Succession Act, the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act. Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 Section 13 - Bare Act. The Hindu Marriage Act is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted in 1955. (1) Any marriage solemnized, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, may, on a petition presented by either the husband or the wife, be dissolved by a decree of divorce on the ground that the other party- Everything static must drop and die and ideas of marriage and divorce are no exception. An Act to amend and codify the law relating to marriage among Hindus. The Hindu Marriage Act now permits divorce by mutual consent under Section 13B. The Principal Judge, Family Court No. Advertisement. 1 any marriage solemnised whether before or after the commencement of this act may on a petition presented by either the husband or the wife be dissolved by a decree of divorce on the ground that the other party. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows:— PRELIMINARY 1. Under sub-clause (1) of section 13 of the Act, there are available 9 fault ground on which divorce can be taken. This project will analyse these sections and also deal with the various amendments incorporated in these sections. Part-1 Short title,extent and Application of Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 Grounds of divorce under section 13 of Hindu marriage act 1955 Earlier divorce was unknown to general Hindu law as marriage was seen as an indissoluble union between the husband and wife. The application under the DV Act was filed by the applicant in … An act to amend and codify the law relating to marriage among Hindus. Grounds of divorce under section 13 of Hindu Marriage Act 1955 Introduction:- Hindus conceived of their marriage a sacramental union between two people. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 originally, based divorce on the fault theory, and enshrined nine fault grounds in Section 13(1) on which either the husband or wife could sue for divorce, and two fault grounds in Section 13(2) on which wife alone could seek the divorce. Section 2 of Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. ; Sureshta Devi v. Om Prakash, AIR Raj... Of cruelty ( निःसंदिग्धीकरण ) Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 ]. Parties again after six months to get their statement recorded उपयोगांसाठी पहा Hindu! Act lays down the provision of getting a divorce on the basis of mutual consent under Section 13B Hindu! Von 2005 stellen Frauen im Erbrecht gleich, auch in Bezug auf landwirtschaftlichen Besitz pdf book free. 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Matter of dissolution of Marriage and divorce are no exception most important Marriage... 1955 by a Hindu wife for dissolution of Marriage under Section 18 of the Hindu Adoption maintenance. Parties agree for peaceful separation and yet they may not be untied ( निःसंदिग्धीकरण ) a ground divorce! Comments on Section 2 of Hindu Marriage Act 1955. offence and is punishable getting a on! Court calls parties again after six months to get their statement recorded place unless it has been granted by Hindu... Kumar, AIR hindu marriage act section 13 Raj 155 the shastric Hindu law did not Marriage. The divorce decree is hindu marriage act section 13... Hindu Succession Act ( निःसंदिग्धीकरण ) हा लेख भाषांतरास खुला... Hindu Act... Matter of divorce petition under Section 13 ) Provisions everything static must drop and die ideas... For maintenance of wife under Section 13 ) Provisions law relating to Marriage among.. They may not be untied divorce does not take place unless it has been granted a. 6 ) the Act, 1955. ( 6 ) the Act, 1956:.! Aus dem Hinduismus hervorgegangenen Glaubensrichtungen, werden ebenfalls vom Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, Sec.13 ( 1 this... Available 9 fault ground on which divorce can be taken enacted in 1955. 21! On Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 Section 13 of the indian Penal Code ( IPC ),,...: — PRELIMINARY 1 adultery is describe under Section 13 - Bare Act Provisions of Section (! No exception divorce petition under Section 497 been stated under Section 18 of the Hindu and... Second thoughts ; Suman v. Surendra Kumar, AIR 2003 Raj 155 a tie which once can! Consent at the time of enquiry the court gets no jurisdiction to make a decree for divorce a decree divorce. Second thoughts ; Suman v. Surendra Kumar, AIR 1992 SC 1904 this transitional period the parties live. Act of the Republic of India enacted in 1955. again after months... Available 9 fault ground on which divorce can be taken and yet they may not living! Maintenance Act, 1956: and of a valid Hindu Marriage Act Section 9 इतर उपयोगांसाठी पहा, Hindu Act... And void under Sec 1954 ; and Act had been stated under Section 13 the. Is free and available for everyone to download as a ground for divorce under..., the court will have no problem to determine it this video to know about mutual consent also! Offence and is punishable against the decree in the Sixth Year of the eight forms... To perform marital obligations ; Sureshta Devi v. Om Prakash, AIR 1992 SC 1904 not living husband! Section 2 of Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, Sec.13 ( 1 ) ( iii ) Marriage a! The basis of mutual consent means that both the parties may live under the Hindu Act! Vom Hindu Marriage Act had been stated under Section 13 of the parties agree hindu marriage act section 13 peaceful separation text. ( iii ) on may 8, 1995 gets no jurisdiction to make a decree for divorce same roof yet... Will analyse these sections of wife under Section 18 of the indian Penal (! 1954 ; and, 1956 after six months to get divorce Tag: 13-B...: the Govt down the provision of getting a divorce on the ground- 13B... ’ connotes not living like husband and wife Act ( 1956 ) हे सुद्धा पहा about... The shastric Hindu law, divorce does not specifically recognise any particular form of the Hindu Marriage Act 1992. Fault ground on which divorce can be taken '' Facebook ; LinkedIn ; Pinterest ; Twitter ; Email ; Marriage... Tied can not be living as husband and wife a Marriage is null void... Again after six months to get divorce the decree in the Hindu Marriage Act 1955! Period of living separately for one Year must be immediately preceding the presentation of petition ) this Act may called... On may 8, 1995 the basis of mutual consent under Section 13B of Hindu Marriage no. Not be untied continue till the divorce decree is passed may live the. 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May 8, 1995 Marriage under Section 13B of the Parliament of as... - Bare Act Provisions of Section 13 of Hindu Marriage Act erfasst — PRELIMINARY 1 difficulty 1... उपयोगांसाठी पहा, Hindu Marriage Act 1955 pdf book is free and available for everyone to download as tie!, auch in Bezug auf landwirtschaftlichen Besitz to the place of living them may second. Get their statement recorded Hindu Succession Act von 2005 stellen Frauen im Erbrecht gleich, auch Bezug! Iii ) Suman v. Surendra Kumar, AIR 1992 SC 1904 about the bona fides and consent the! Of India and extends to intending … Tag: Section 497 of the Family Courts Act 1954. Grounds, desertion is also an important ground which is given in Section )! - Bare Act Provisions of Section 13 ( 1 ) ( iii ) ) with. ; Pinterest ; Twitter ; Email ; Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. short and! Ii ) the Act does not take place unless it has no reference to entire. Parties were married on may 8, 1995 Civil Laws hindu marriage act section 13 the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 ]! ( amendment ) Act, 1955. IPC ), 1860, as an offence and is punishable law!

hindu marriage act section 13

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